Static Site Generators: from Hugo to Eleventy and Parcel

For years, Hugo was my go-to static site generator. Lately, however, I have been experimenting with Eleventy and Parcel. I ended up liking this quite a bit, so much so that this blog is now officially powered by Eleventy and Parcel.


This site, as well as my hibernating travel blog have relied on Hugo for years. Over time, Hugo matured and now offers an extremely fast and powerful static site generator. With recent releases adding support for a basic asset pipeline, Hugo is a one-stop-shop.

However, as a JavaScript enthusiast, I am used to Node.js and its npm ecosystem. Hugo, written in Go, does not shine when it comes to adding custom functionality. Therefore, I was often left frustrated that I wasn’t able to achieve something as easy as I was used to in JavaScript.

For example, Hugo lacks multiple template inheritance. Out of the box, Hugo relies on Go’s html/template, and its implementation is limited to extending a single master template. For a site using different layouts for different pages, this quickly becomes a problem. Hugo does support other templating options, like Ace and Amber, but neither has seen any updates in two years. Using a different templating library, assuming it’s written in or ported to Go, is not possible out of the box.

Eleventy and Parcel

My desire to move my static sites back to Node.js never really went anywhere; I tried post-processing Hugo with webpack, but its lack of support for HTML as entry points did make this very cumbersome. There’s a GitHub issue going back 5 years, so I’m not holding my hopes up too high this will be resolved any time soon.

Then, I ran into Eleventy: a simpler static site generator that is rapidly increasing in popularity. I started playing around, and indeed, it is pretty simple. It does not offer any asset pipeline but does allow you to customize a whole bunch. And thanks to the npm ecosystem, it’s as easy as adding a module to your project, writing a filter or plugin, and off you go.

That’s great, but that still left one big part of the puzzle unsolved: how do I nicely bundle, hash, and minify my assets? Enter Parcel: a zero configuration web application bundler (although Parcel 2, currently in beta, does seem to have configuration options).

By taking the content generated using Eleventy, and post-processing it with Parcel, my static sites are generated entirely using Node.js, and any images, styles, and scripts are optimized using Parcel. It is a bit tricky to get Eleventy and Parcel to play nice in a development set-up, and therefore I created eleventy-parcel-boilerplate, a GitHub template repository.

What’s next?

It’s not all sunshine and rainbows; Parcel’s watcher often gets overwhelmed with the number of file changes, causing the development server to hang. Parcel 2 supposedly fixes this issue, so I’m slowly exploring options to use its beta version.

Going forward I will move over all my static sites to Eleventy and Parcel. Both projects are actively maintained, and therefore I expect to see great things in the future. And, if it comes to it, the barrier to open a PR against upstream is a little lower given these projects are written using JavaScript rather than Go.